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The division of a column on which the shaft is placed, or the lower part of a pillar or wall. The torus and scotia form the elements of the base.

London - England (1930)
Topkapi Palace - Istanbul - Turkey (1500)
Volterra - Italy (100 B.C.)
Chartres Cathedral - France (1300)
Topkapi Palace - Istanbul - Turkey (1500)
Barcelona - Spain
Volubilis Morocco - 200 A.D.
Siena Cathedral - Italy