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When a square space is vaulted to provide a circular space for a dome the resulting curved triangular supports are called pendentives. This is most common in Byzantine architecture.

Hagia Sophia - Istanbul - Turkey (537)
Blue Mosque - Istanbul - Turkey
St. Peter's - Rome - Italy
Santa Maria di Collemaggio - L'Aquila - Italy (1294)
Ravenna Cathedral - Italy
San Marco - Venice - Italy (1094)
Santa Maria delle Gracie - Milan - Italy - (15th c.)
Hospital de la Santa Creu - Barcelona - Spain